Espacios de nombres
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std::binomial_distribution

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< cpp‎ | numeric‎ | random

 
 
Numéricos biblioteca
Funciones matemáticas comunes
Floating-point medio ambiente
Los números complejos
Matrices numéricas
Pseudo-aleatoria de generación de números
En tiempo de compilación aritmética racional (C++11)
Genéricos operaciones numéricas
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Generic numeric operations
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iota(C++11)
accumulate
inner_product
adjacent_difference
partial_sum
 
Pseudo-aleatoria de generación de números
Motores y adaptadores de motor
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Engines and engine adaptors
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linear_congruential_engine(C++11)
mersenne_twister_engine(C++11)
subtract_with_carry_engine(C++11)
discard_block_engine(C++11)
independent_bits_engine(C++11)
shuffle_order_engine(C++11)
Generadores
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Generators
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random_device(C++11)
Distribuciones
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Distributions
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Distribuciones uniformes
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Uniform distributions
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uniform_int_distribution(C++11)
uniform_real_distribution(C++11)
generate_canonical(C++11)
Bernoulli distribuciones
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Bernoulli distributions
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bernoulli_distribution(C++11)
binomial_distribution(C++11)
negative_binomial_distribution(C++11)
geometric_distribution(C++11)
Poisson distribuciones
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Poisson distributions
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poisson_distribution(C++11)
exponential_distribution(C++11)
gamma_distribution(C++11)
weibull_distribution(C++11)
extreme_value_distribution(C++11)
Distribuciones normales
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Normal distributions
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normal_distribution(C++11)
lognormal_distribution(C++11)
chi_squared_distribution(C++11)
cauchy_distribution(C++11)
fisher_f_distribution(C++11)
student_t_distribution(C++11)
Distribuciones de muestreo
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Sampling distributions
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discrete_distribution(C++11)
piecewise_constant_distribution(C++11)
piecewise_linear_distribution(C++11)
Secuencias de semillas
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Seed Sequences
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seed_seq(C++11)
C biblioteca
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C library
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rand
srand
RAND_MAX
 
std::binomial_distribution
Las funciones miembro
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Member functions
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binomial_distribution::binomial_distribution
binomial_distribution::reset
Generación
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Generation
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binomial_distribution::operator()
Características
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Characteristics
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binomial_distribution::p
binomial_distribution::t
binomial_distribution::param
binomial_distribution::min
binomial_distribution::max
Terceros funciones
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Non-member functions
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operator==
operator!=
operator<<
operator>>
 
Defined in header <random>
template< class IntType = int >
class binomial_distribution;
(desde C++11)
Produce aleatorio no negativo i valores enteros, distribuidos de acuerdo con función de probabilidad discreta:
Original:
Produces random non-negative integer values i, distributed according to discrete probability function:
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P(i|t,p) =

t
p


· pi
· (1 − p)t−i
El valor obtenido es el número de éxitos en una secuencia de t sí / no experimentos, cada uno de ellos tiene éxito con probabilidad p .
Original:
The value obtained is the number of successes in a sequence of t yes/no experiments, each of which succeeds with probability p.
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Contenido

[editar] Tipos de miembros

Miembro de tipo
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Member type
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Definition
result_type IntType
param_type
el tipo del conjunto de parámetros, sin especificar
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the type of the parameter set, unspecified
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[editar] Las funciones miembro

construye nueva distribución
Original:
constructs new distribution
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(miembro público función) [edit]
restablece el estado interno de la distribución
Original:
resets the internal state of the distribution
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(miembro público función) [edit]
Generación
Original:
Generation
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genera el siguiente número aleatorio en la distribución
Original:
generates the next random number in the distribution
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(miembro público función) [edit]
Características
Original:
Characteristics
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devuelve el parámetro t de distribución (número de ensayos)
Original:
returns the t distribution parameter (number of trials)
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(miembro público función) [edit]
devuelve el parámetro p de distribución (probabilidad de un true generadora de ensayo)
Original:
returns the p distribution parameter (probability of a trial generating true)
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(miembro público función) [edit]
obtiene o establece el objeto de parámetro de distribución
Original:
gets or sets the distribution parameter object
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(miembro público función) [edit]
devuelve el valor mínimo potencialmente generado
Original:
returns the minimum potentially generated value
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(miembro público función) [edit]
devuelve el valor máximo potencialmente generado
Original:
returns the maximum potentially generated value
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(miembro público función) [edit]

[editar] Terceros funciones

compara dos objetos de distribución
Original:
compares two distribution objects
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(función) [edit]
realiza flujo de entrada y salida en la distribución de números pseudo-aleatorios
Original:
performs stream input and output on pseudo-random number distribution
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(función) [edit]

[editar] Ejemplo

parcela de distribución binomial, con una probabilidad de éxito de cada ensayo exactamente 0,5, que ilustra la relación con el triángulo de Pascal (las probabilidades de que ninguno, 1, 2, 3, o los cuatro de los 4 ensayos tendrán éxito en este caso son 1:04 : 06:04:01)
Original:
plot of binomial distribution with probability of success of each trial exactly 0.5, illustrating the relationship with the pascal triangle (the probabilities that none, 1, 2, 3, or all four of the 4 trials will be successful in this case are 1:4:6:4:1)
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#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <map>
#include <random>
int main()
{
    std::random_device rd;
    std::mt19937 gen(rd());
    // perform 4 trials, each succeeds 1 in 2 times
    std::binomial_distribution<> d(4, 0.5);
 
    std::map<int, int> hist;
    for(int n=0; n<10000; ++n)
        ++hist[d(gen)];
    for(auto p : hist)
        std::cout << p.first <<
                ' ' << std::string(p.second/100, '*') << '\n';
}

Output:

0 ******
1 ************************
2 *************************************
3 *************************
4 ******

[editar] Enlaces externos

Weisstein, Eric W. "Binomial Distribution." De MathWorld - Un recurso del Web Wolfram .
Original:
Weisstein, Eric W. "Binomial Distribution." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.
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