Espacios de nombres
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Class declaration

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Lenguaje C++
Los temas generales
Original:
General topics
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Control de flujo
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Flow control
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Sentencias condicionales ejecución
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Conditional execution statements
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Instrucciones de iteración
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Iteration statements
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Ir declaraciones
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Jump statements
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Funciones
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Functions
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declaración de la función
lambda declaración de la función
función de plantilla
especificador inline
especificaciones de excepción (obsoleto)
noexcept especificador (C++11)
Excepciones
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Exceptions
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Los espacios de nombres
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Namespaces
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Tipos
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Types
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decltype specifier (C++11)
Los especificadores
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Specifiers
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cv especificadores
almacenamiento duración especificadores
constexpr especificador (C++11)
auto especificador (C++11)
alignas especificador (C++11)
Inicialización
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Initialization
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Los literales
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Literals
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Expresiones
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Expressions
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representaciones alternativas
Utilidades
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Utilities
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Tipos
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Types
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typedef declaration
alias de tipo de declaración (C++11)
atributos (C++11)
Lanza
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Casts
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conversiones implícitas
const_cast conversion
static_cast conversion
dynamic_cast conversion
reinterpret_cast conversion
C-cast estilo y funcional
De asignación de memoria
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Memory allocation
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Clases
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Classes
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Clase propiedades específicas de la función
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Class-specific function properties
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Funciones especiales miembro
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Special member functions
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Plantillas
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Templates
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clase de plantilla
función de plantilla
plantilla de especialización
paquetes de parámetros (C++11)
Varios
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Miscellaneous
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Montaje en línea
 

Contenido

[editar] Sintaxis

class identifier { class_body } object_list ; (1)
class identifier : ancestor_list { class_body } object_list ; (2)
class identifier ; (3)
class identifier final opt_ancestors_and_body (4) (desde C++11)

[editar] Class Body

A list of member and friend declarations and access specifiers:

public: (1)
protected: (2)
private: (3)
friend friend_declaration (4)
member_declaration (5)
static member_declaration (6)
nested_type_declaration (7)

[editar] Ancestor List

A list of classes that have already bee fully defined optionally prefixed with an access specifier

[editar] Object List

An optional list of instances of the previously defined class

[editar] Explicación

  1. Defines a class and its member
  2. Defines a class inheriting other classes
  3. Forwards declares a class
  4. Defines a class that cannot be derived from ( see final )

If friend or member functions have their body defined inside the class body, they are implicitly inlined

[editar] Notas

(desde C++11) A default value can be assigned to data members inside the class body (ie: not necessarily in a constructor)

[editar] Ver también


[editar] Ejemplo

class C;
 
class D : public B // B needs to be defined
{
  private:
    C *ptr_c; // a pointer/reference to C can be used as C has been forward declared
    double x = 12.3; // C++11 inline data member initialization
    static const int sci = 1; // this is valid in C++98 as well
  public:
    typedef B parent_type;
 
    // inline function
    virtual parent_type foo() const
    {
        return B();
    }
 
    // non-inline function declaration. needs to be defined externally
    void bar();
} D_obj; // An object of type D is defined
 
// definition of a class method outside the class
void D::bar()
{
   //...
}