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<div class="t-tr-text">C + + conceptos:<div class="t-tr-dropdown"><div><div><div class="t-tr-dropdown-arrow-border"></div><div class="t-tr-dropdown-arrow"></div><div class="t-tr-dropdown-h">Original:</div><div class="t-tr-dropdown-orig">C++ concepts:</div><div class="t-tr-dropdown-notes">The text has been machine-translated via [http://translate.google.com Google Translate].<br/> You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click [http://en.cppreference.com/w/Cppreference:MachineTranslations here] for instructions.</div></div></div></div></div> Swappable

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C + + conceptos
Básica
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Basic
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Biblioteca-Wide
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Library-Wide
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Container
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Container
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Elementos contenedores
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Container Elements
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Iterator
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Iterator
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Números aleatorios
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Random Numbers
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Concurrencia
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Concurrency
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BasicLockable(C++11)
Lockable(C++11)
TimedLockable(C++11)
Mutex(C++11)
TimedMutex(C++11)
Otros
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Other
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Any lvalue or rvalue of this type can be swapped with any lvalue or rvalue of the some other type, using unqualified function call swap() in the context where both std::swap and the user-defined swap()s are visible.

[editar] Requisitos

Type U is swappable with type T if, for any object u of type U and any object t of type T,

Expression Requirements Semantics
#include <utility>

using std::swap;
swap(u, t);

After the call, the value of t is the value held by u before the call, and the value of u is the value held by t before the call. Calls the function named swap() found by overload resolution among all functions with that name that are found by argument-dependent lookup and the two std::swap templates defined in the header <utility>.
#include <utility>

using std::swap;
swap(t, u);

same same

Many standard library functions (for example, many algorithms) expect their arguments to satisfy Swappable, which means that any time the standard library performs a swap, it uses the equivalent of using std::swap; swap(t, u);.

[editar] Notas

It is unspecified if <utility> is actually included when the standard library functions perform the swap, so the user-provided swap() should not expect it to be included.

[editar] Ejemplo

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
 
class IntVector {
    std::vector<int> v;
    IntVector& operator=(IntVector); // not assignable
 public:
    void swap(IntVector& other) {
        v.swap(other.v);
    }
};
void swap(IntVector& v1, IntVector& v2) {
    v1.swap(v2);
}
 
int main()
{
    IntVector v1, v2;
//  std::swap(v1, v2); // compiler error! std::swap requires MoveAssignable
    std::iter_swap(&v1, &v2); // OK: library calls unqualified swap()
}