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Concepts

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C + + conceptos
Básica
Original:
Basic
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Biblioteca-Wide
Original:
Library-Wide
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Container
Original:
Container
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Elementos contenedores
Original:
Container Elements
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Iterator
Original:
Iterator
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Números aleatorios
Original:
Random Numbers
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Concurrencia
Original:
Concurrency
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BasicLockable(C++11)
Lockable(C++11)
TimedLockable(C++11)
Mutex(C++11)
TimedMutex(C++11)
Otros
Original:
Other
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Un concepto es un término que describe 'conjunto con nombre de requerimientos' a para un tipo. Los conceptos son una manera más conveniente para especificar qué propiedades se esperan de un tipo, y qué propiedades tiene un tipo de .
Original:
A concept is a term that describes a named set of requirements for a type. Concepts are a more convenient way to specify both what properties are expected from a type, and what properties a type has.
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Había a proposal para incluir una especificación formal de los conceptos en C + 11 para que el compilador pueda comprobar los requisitos de tipo antes y de instancias de plantilla a su vez podría producir mensajes de error mucho más sensibles en caso de que un tipo que no cumplía con la plantilla requisitos. Esta propuesta se redujo más tarde por diversas razones. Sin embargo, hay planes oficiales para agregar conceptos a una futura revisión del lenguaje C + + .
Original:
There was a proposal to include a formal specification of concepts into C++11 so that the compiler could check the type requirements before template instantiation and in turn could produce much more sensible error messages in case a type did not fulfill the template requirements. This proposal was later dropped for various reasons. However, there are unofficial plans to add concepts to a future revision of the C++ language.
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Aquí' conceptos tienen poco en común con la propuesta mencionada. Se refieren a los requisitos mencionados informales, que se utiliza en C + + y C 03 11 para definir el comportamiento y las propiedades esperadas para los distintos tipos .
Original:
Here concepts have little in common with the abovementioned proposal. They refer to informal named requirements, used in C++03 and C++11 to define behavior and expected properties for various types.
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Contenido

Básica
Original:
Basic
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especifica que tipo tiene constructor por defecto
Original:
specifies that type has default constructor
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(concepto)
especifica que tipo tiene constructor movimiento
Original:
specifies that type has move constructor
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(concepto)
especifica que tipo tiene constructor de copia
Original:
specifies that type has copy constructor
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(concepto)
especifica que tipo tiene movimiento operador de asignación
Original:
specifies that type has move assignment operator
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(concepto)
especifica que tipo tiene operador de asignación de copia
Original:
specifies that type has copy assignment operator
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(concepto)
tipo tiene un destructor que borra toda la memoria
Original:
type has a destructor that clears all memory
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(concepto)

Diseño
Original:
Layout
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Note, that the standard doesn't define named requirements or concepts with names specified in this subcategory.
These are type categories defined by the core language. They are included here as concepts only for consistency.
clase con copia trivial tarea y destructor
Original:
class with trivial copy, assignment and destructor
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(concepto)
clase con constructores triviales, misiones y destructor
Original:
class with trivial constructors, assignment and destructor
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(concepto)
no virtual clase que contiene sólo los miembros StandardLayout otros, todos con el mismo control de acceso
Original:
non-virtual class containing only other StandardLayout members, all with the same access control
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(concepto)
POD (Plain datos antiguos) estructura, compatible con C struct
Original:
POD (Plain Old Data) structure, compatible with C struct
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(concepto)

Biblioteca de ancho
Original:
Library-wide
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tiene un operator== de trabajo que es una relación de equivalencia
Original:
has a working operator== that is an equivalence relation
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(concepto)
operator< es una estricta relación débil pedido
Original:
operator< is a strict weak ordering relation
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(concepto)
(C++11)
se pueden intercambiar con un rotundo no miembro swap() llamada de función
Original:
can be swapped with an unqualified non-member function call swap()
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(concepto)
un Iterator que elimina referencias a un tipo Swappable
Original:
an Iterator that dereferences to a Swappable type
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(concepto)
pointer-como el tipo de apoyo a un valor nulo
Original:
pointer-like type supporting a null value
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(concepto)
(C++11)

(concepto)
clase de tipos que contiene la información de asignación
Original:
class type that contains allocation information
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(concepto)
un objeto de función que se puede llamar con argumentos concretos y tiene valor de retorno convertible al tipo específico
Original:
a function object that can be called with specific arguments and has return value convertible to specific type
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(concepto)
un Callable que devuelve un valor convertible a bool para un argumento sin modificarlo
Original:
a Callable that returns a value convertible to bool for one argument without modifying it
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(concepto)
un Callable que devuelve un valor convertible a bool para dos argumentos sin modificarlos
Original:
a Callable that returns a value convertible to bool for two arguments without modifying them
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(concepto)

Container
Original:
Container
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estructura de datos que permite el acceso de elemento mediante iteradores
Original:
data structure that allows element access using iterators
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(concepto)
contenedor utilizando iteradores bidireccionales
Original:
container using bidirectional iterators
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(concepto)
contenedor utilizando un asignador
Original:
container using an allocator
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(concepto)
contenedor con elementos almacenados linealmente
Original:
container with elements stored linearly
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(concepto)
contenedor que almacena elementos asociándolos a las teclas
Original:
container that stores elements by associating them to keys
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(concepto)
contenedor que almacena elementos almacenados en cubetas asociándolos a las teclas
Original:
container that stores elements stored in buckets by associating them to keys
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(concepto)
Elemento contenedor
Original:
Container element
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elemento puede ser copiado construido en el almacenamiento sin inicializar
Original:
element can be copy-constructed in uninitialized storage
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(concepto)
elemento se puede mover construido en el almacenamiento sin inicializar
Original:
element can be move-constructed in uninitialized storage
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(concepto)
elemento puede ser construido en almacenamiento sin inicializar
Original:
element can be constructed in uninitialized storage
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(concepto)

Iterator
Original:
Iterator
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concepto general de acceder a datos dentro de alguna estructura de datos
Original:
general concept to access data within some data structure
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(concepto)
iterador que se puede utilizar para leer datos
Original:
iterator that can be used to read data
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(concepto)
iterador que se puede utilizar para escribir datos
Original:
iterator that can be used to write data
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(concepto)
iterador que se puede utilizar para leer datos varias veces
Original:
iterator that can be used to read data multiple times
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(concepto)
iterador que puede ser a la vez incrementa y decrementa
Original:
iterator that can be both incremented and decremented
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(concepto)
iterador que puede ser avanzado en tiempo constante
Original:
iterator that can be advanced in constant time
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(concepto)

Stream de E / S funciones
Original:
Stream I/O functions
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una función de entrada de corriente que no omite los espacios en blanco y cuenta los caracteres procesados
Original:
a stream input function that doesn't skip whitespace and counts the processed characters
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(concepto)
una función de entrada de corriente que pasa por alto los principales espacios en blanco
Original:
a stream input function that skips leading whitespace
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(concepto)
una corriente básica función de salida
Original:
a basic stream output function
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(concepto)
una función de salida de corriente que establece failbit en errores preexistentes y devuelve una referencia a la corriente
Original:
a stream output function that sets failbit on preexisting errors and returns a reference to the stream
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(concepto)

Generación de números aleatorios
Original:
Random Number Generation
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consume una secuencia de números enteros y produce una secuencia de 32-bit valores sin signo
Original:
consumes a sequence of integers and produces a sequence of 32-bit unsigned values
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(concepto)
vuelve uniformemente distribuidas enteros sin signo al azar
Original:
returns uniformly distributed random unsigned integers
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(concepto)
un UniformRandomNumberGenerator determinista, definido por la semilla
Original:
a deterministic UniformRandomNumberGenerator, defined by the seed
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(concepto)
un RandomNumberEngine que transforma la salida de otro RandomNumberEngine
Original:
a RandomNumberEngine that transforms the output of another RandomNumberEngine
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(concepto)
devuelve números aleatorios distribuidos según una función matemática dada de densidad de probabilidad
Original:
returns random numbers distributed according to a given mathematical probability density function
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(concepto)

Concurrencia
Original:
Concurrency
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proporciona la semántica exclusivos de propiedad de los agentes de ejecución (es decir, hilos)
Original:
provides exclusive ownership semantics for execution agents (i.e. threads)
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(concepto)
(C++11)
agrega intentó bloquear la adquisición hasta la BasicLockable
Original:
adds attempted lock acquisition to BasicLockable
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(concepto)
agrega adquisición temporizada de bloqueo para Lockable
Original:
adds timed lock acquisition to Lockable
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(concepto)
(C++11)
un Lockable que protege contra razas de datos y sincronización secuencial consistente
Original:
a Lockable that protects against data races and sequentially consistent synchronization
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(concepto)
un TimedLockable que protege contra razas de datos y sincronización secuencial consistente
Original:
a TimedLockable that protects against data races and sequentially consistent synchronization
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(concepto)

Otros
Original:
Other
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describe una propiedad de un tipo
Original:
describes a property of a type
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(concepto)
describe una relación entre dos tipos
Original:
describes a relationship between two types
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(concepto)
modifica una propiedad de un tipo
Original:
modifies a property of a type
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(concepto)
(C++11)
agregados de una duración, un punto de tiempo, y una función para obtener el punto de tiempo actual
Original:
aggregates a duration, a time point, and a function to get the current time point
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(concepto)
un Clock que no lanza excepciones
Original:
a Clock that doesn't throw exceptions
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(concepto)
define los tipos y funciones para un tipo de carácter
Original:
defines types and functions for a character type
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(concepto)
representa una posición en una secuencia
Original:
represents a position in a stream
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(concepto)
representa un desplazamiento en un arroyo
Original:
represents an offset in a stream
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(concepto)
bitset, entero o enumeración
Original:
bitset, integer, or enumeration
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(concepto)