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std::replace_copy, std::replace_copy_if

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Algoritmo biblioteca
Funciones
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Functions
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Para no modificar la secuencia de las operaciones
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modificación de la secuencia de operaciones
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Modifying sequence operations
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Particionamiento operaciones
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Partitioning operations
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Clasificación de las operaciones (en rangos ordenados)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Las operaciones binarias de búsqueda (en rangos ordenados)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Conjunto de operaciones (en rangos ordenados)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Operaciones del montón
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Heap operations
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Mínimo / máximo de operaciones
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Operaciones numéricas
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Numeric operations
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C biblioteca
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt, class OutputIt, class T >

OutputIt replace_copy( InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,

                       const T& old_value, const T& new_value );
(1)
template< class InputIt, class OutputIt, class UnaryPredicate, class T >

OutputIt replace_copy_if( InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,

                          UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value );
(2)

Copies the all elements from the range [first, last) to another range beginning at d_first replacing all elements satisfying specific criteria with new_value. The first version replaces the elements that are equal to old_value, the second version replaces elements for which predicate p returns true. The source and destination ranges cannot overlap.

Contenido

[editar] Parámetros

first, last -
la gama de elementos a copiar
Original:
the range of elements to copy
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d_first -
el comienzo del rango de destino
Original:
the beginning of the destination range
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old_value -
el valor de los elementos a sustituir
Original:
the value of elements to replace
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p - unary predicate which returns ​true
si el valor del elemento debe ser reemplazado
Original:
if the element value should be replaced
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.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type &a);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The type Type must be such that an object of type InputIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to Type. ​

new_value -
el valor a usar como reemplazo
Original:
the value to use as replacement
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Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
OutputIt must meet the requirements of OutputIterator.

[editar] Valor de retorno

Iterator al elemento pasado el último elemento copiado .
Original:
Iterator to the element past the last element copied.
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[editar] Complejidad

Exactamente last - first aplicaciones del predicado .
Original:
Exactly last - first applications of the predicate.
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[editar] Posible implementación

First version
template<class InputIt, class OutputIt, class T>
OutputIt replace_copy(InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,
                      const T& old_value, const T& new_value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        *d_first++ = (*first == old_value) ? new_value : *first;
    }
    return d_first;
}
Second version
template<class InputIt, class OutputIt, 
         class UnaryPredicate, class T>
OutputIt replace_copy_if(InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,
                         UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        *d_first++ = (p( *first ) ? new_value : *first;
    }
    return d_first;
}

[editar] Ejemplo

The following copy prints a vector, replacing all values over 5 with 99 on the fly.

#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <functional>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{5, 7, 4, 2, 8, 6, 1, 9, 0, 3};
    std::replace_copy_if(v.begin(), v.end(),
                         std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, " "),
                         [](int n){return n > 5;}, 99);
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Output:

5 99 4 2 99 99 1 99 0 3

[editar] Ver también

elimina elementos que cumplan criterios específicos
Original:
removes elements satisfying specific criteria
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(función de plantilla) [edit]