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std::next_permutation

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Algoritmo biblioteca
Funciones
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Functions
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Para no modificar la secuencia de las operaciones
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modificación de la secuencia de operaciones
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Modifying sequence operations
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Particionamiento operaciones
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Partitioning operations
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Clasificación de las operaciones (en rangos ordenados)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Las operaciones binarias de búsqueda (en rangos ordenados)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Conjunto de operaciones (en rangos ordenados)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Operaciones del montón
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Heap operations
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Mínimo / máximo de operaciones
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Operaciones numéricas
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Numeric operations
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C biblioteca
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class BidirIt >
bool next_permutation( BidirIt first, BidirIt last );
(1)
template< class BidirIt, class Compare >
bool next_permutation( BidirIt first, BidirIt last, Compare comp );
(2)
Transforma el [first, last) gama en la siguiente permutación del conjunto de todas las permutaciones que están ordenadas lexicográficamente con respecto a operator< o comp. true Devuelve si existe tal permutación, de lo contrario se transforma en el rango de la permutación (como si por std::sort(first, last)) y vuelve false .
Original:
Transforms the range [first, last) into the next permutation from the set of all permutations that are lexicographically ordered with respect to operator< or comp. Returns true if such permutation exists, otherwise transforms the range into the first permutation (as if by std::sort(first, last)) and returns false.
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Contenido

[editar] Parámetros

first, last -
el intervalo de elementos de permutar
Original:
the range of elements to permute
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comp - comparison function which returns ​true if the first argument is less than the second.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type BidirIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them. ​

Type requirements
-
BidirIt must meet the requirements of ValueSwappable and BidirectionalIterator.

[editar] Valor de retorno

true si la nueva permutación lexicográfica es mayor que el anterior. false si la última permutación fue alcanzado y el intervalo de puesta a cero de la primera permutación .
Original:
true if the new permutation is lexicographically greater than the old. false if the last permutation was reached and the range was reset to the first permutation.
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[editar] Complejidad

En la mayoría de los swaps N/2, donde N = std::distance(first, last) .
Original:
At most N/2 swaps, where N = std::distance(first, last).
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[editar] Posible implementación

template<class BidirIt>
bool next_permutation(BidirIt first, BidirIt last)
{
    if (first == last) return false;
    BidirIt i = last;
    if (first == --i) return false;
 
    while (1) {
        BidirIt i1, i2;
 
        i1 = i;
        if (*--i < *i1) {
            i2 = last;
            while (!(*i < *--i2))
                ;
            std::iter_swap(i, i2);
            std::reverse(i1, last);
            return true;
        }
        if (i == first) {
            std::reverse(first, last);
            return false;
        }
    }
}

[editar] Ejemplo

El siguiente código imprime los tres permutaciones de la cadena "aba"
Original:
The following code prints all three permutations of the string "aba"
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#include <algorithm>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
 
int main()
{
    std::string s = "aba";
    std::sort(s.begin(), s.end());
    do {
        std::cout << s << '\n';
    } while(std::next_permutation(s.begin(), s.end()));
}

Output:

aab
aba
baa

[editar] Ver también

determines if a sequence is a permutation of another sequence
(función de plantilla) [edit]
generates the next smaller lexicographic permutation of a range of elements
(función de plantilla) [edit]