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std::adjacent_find

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Algoritmo biblioteca
Funciones
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Functions
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Para no modificar la secuencia de las operaciones
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modificación de la secuencia de operaciones
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Modifying sequence operations
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Particionamiento operaciones
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Partitioning operations
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Clasificación de las operaciones (en rangos ordenados)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Las operaciones binarias de búsqueda (en rangos ordenados)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Conjunto de operaciones (en rangos ordenados)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Operaciones del montón
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Heap operations
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Mínimo / máximo de operaciones
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Operaciones numéricas
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Numeric operations
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C biblioteca
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt adjacent_find( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last );
(1)
template< class ForwardIt, BinaryPredicate p >
ForwardIt adjacent_find( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, BinaryPredicate p );
(2)
Busca en la [first, last) rango por dos elementos idénticos consecutivos. La primera versión utiliza operator== para comparar los elementos, la segunda versión utiliza el predicado binario dado p .
Original:
Searches the range [first, last) for two consecutive identical elements. The first version uses operator== to compare the elements, the second version uses the given binary predicate p.
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Contenido

[editar] Parámetros

first, last -
la gama de elementos a examinar
Original:
the range of elements to examine
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p - binary predicate which returns ​true if the elements should be treated as equal.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types  Type1 and  Type2 must be such that an object of type ForwardIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them.

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[editar] Valor de retorno

un iterador a la primera de los elementos idénticos. Si no se encuentran tales elementos, last se devuelve
Original:
an iterator to the first of the identical elements. If no such elements are found, last is returned
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[editar] Complejidad

Exactamente las aplicaciones más pequeñas de (result - first) y ((last - 1) - first) del predicado donde result es el valor de retorno .
Original:
Exactly the smaller of (result - first) and ((last - 1) - first) applications of the predicate where result is the return value.
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[editar] Posible implementación

First version
template<class ForwardIt>
ForwardIt adjacent_find(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last)
{
    if (first == last) {
        return last;
    }
    ForwardIt next = first;
    ++next;
    for (next != last; ++next, ++first) {
        if (*first == *next) {
            return first;
        }
    }
    return last;
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt, BinaryPredicate p>
ForwardIt adjacent_find(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, 
                        BinaryPredicate p)
{
    if (first == last) {
        return last;
    }
    ForwardIt next = first;
    ++next;
    for (next != last; ++next, ++first) {
        if (p(*first, *next)) {
            return first;
        }
    }
    return last;
}

[editar] Ejemplo

El código siguiente se busca un par de enteros equivalentes en una serie de intergers .
Original:
The following code finds a pair of equivalent integers in an array of intergers.
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#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v1{0, 1, 2, 3, 40, 40, 5};
 
    std::vector<int>::iterator result;
    result = std::adjacent_find(v1.begin(), v1.end());
 
    if (result == v1.end()) {
        std::cout << "no matching adjacent elements";
    } else {
        std::cout << "match at: " << std::distance(v1.begin(), result);
    }
}

Output:

match at: 4

[editar] Ver también

removes consecutive duplicate elements in a range
(función de plantilla) [edit]